Melissa Magstadt, South Dakota Secretary of Health

Reportable Diseases in South Dakota

Effective January 2019


The South Dakota Department of Health is authorized by SDCL 34-22-12 and ARSD 44:20 to collect and process mandatory reports of communicable diseases by physicians, hospitals, laboratories, and institutions. Instructions for reporting. (Download poster version of South Dakota reportable diseases list)

+Category I diseases: Report immediately on suspicion of disease

Category II diseases: Report within 3 days
Send isolate to
South Dakota Public Health Laboratory

+Anthrax (Bacillus anthracis)

Anaplasmosis (Anaplasma phagocytophilum)

Arboviral encephalitis, meningitis and infection (West Nile, Zika, St. Louis, Eastern equine, Western equine, Chikungunya, California, Japanese, Powassan, LaCrosse, Colorado tick fever)

Babesiosis (Babesia spp)

+Botulism (Clostridium botulinum)
+Brucellosis (Brucella spp)

Campylobacteriosis (Campylobacter spp)

Carbon monoxide poisoning

Chancroid (Haemophilus ducreyi)
Chicken pox/Varicella (Herpesvirus)
Chlamydia infections (Chlamydia trachomatis)
Cholera (Vibrio cholerae)

Coccidioidomycosis (coccidioides spp)

+Coronavirus respiratory syndromes, such as MERS (Middle East respiratory syndrome) and SARS (Severe acute respiratory syndrome)

Cryptosporidiosis (Cryptosporidium spp)
Cyclosporiasis (Cyclospora cayetanensis)
Dengue viral infection (Flavivirus)
+Diphtheria (Corynebacterium diphtheriae)

Drug resistant organisms:

  • Carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE)
  • Candida auris
  • Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), invasive
  • Vancomycin-intermediate & resistant Staphylococcus aureus (VISA,VRSA)

+E. coli, shiga toxin-producing (Escherichia coli) includes E. coli O157:H7, 026, 011, 0103 and others

Ehrlichiosis(Ehrlichia spp)

Giardiasis (Giardia lamblia / intestinalis)

Gonorrhea (Neisseria gonorrhoeae)
Haemophilus influenzae, invasive disease
Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome and Hantavirus pulmonary infection (Hantavirus)
Hemolytic uremic syndrome
Hepatitis, viral, acute A, B and C; chronic B and C; and perinatal B & C
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection, including:

  • Stage III, Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS)
  • CD4 counts in HIV infected persons,
  • HIV viral loads, and
  • pregnancy in HIV infected females
  • HIV gene sequencing,
  • HIV antiviral resistance, and
  • Confirmatory results, positive or negative, following a reactive HIV screening test

+Influenza, novel strains
Influenza: including hospitalizations, deaths, lab confirmed cases (culture, DFA, PCR), weekly aggregate totals of rapid antigen positive (A and B) and total tested
Lead, elevated blood levels
Legionellosis (Legionella spp)
Leprosy/Hansen's disease (Mycobacterium leprae)
Leptospirosis (Leptospira)
Listeriosis (Listeria monocytogenes)
Lyme disease (Borrelia burgdorferi)


Malaria (Plasmodium spp)

+Measles / Rubeola (Paramyxovirus)
+Meningococcal disease, invasive
(Neisseria meningitidis)

Mumps (Paramyxovirus)
Paratyphoid fever

Pertussis / Whooping cough (Bordetella pertussis)

Pesticide-related illness and injury, acute

+Plague(Yersinia pestis)
+Poliomyelitis, paralytic and nonparalytic

Psittacosis (Chlamydophila psittaci)

Q fever (Coxiella burnetii)

+Rabies, human and animal

+Rubella and congenital rubella syndrome (Togavirus)
Salmonellosis (Salmonella spp)
Shigellosis (Shigella spp)


+Smallpox (Variola)

Spotted fever rickettsiosis (Rickettsia)

Streptococcus pneumoniae, invasive

Syphilis (Treponema pallidum) including primary, secondary, latent, early latent, late latent, nuerosyphilis, late non-neurological, stillbirth, and congenital
Tetanus (Clostridium tetani)
Toxic shock syndrome (Streptococcal and non-streptococcal)
Transmissible spongiform
, such as Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease
Trichinosis (Trichinella sprialis)
+Tuberculosis, active disease (Mycobacterium tuberculosisor Mycobacterium bovis)

Tuberculosis, latent infection (only in certain high risk persons:  foreign-born <5 yrs in US, close contacts, diabetes, renal dialysis, children <5 yrs, and certain medical conditions)

+Tularemia (Francisella tularensis)
Typhoid (Salmonella typhi)

Vaccine Adverse Events

+Viral Hemorrhagic Fevers(Crimean-Congo Hemorrhagic Fever virus, Ebola virus, Lassa virus, Lujo virus, Marburg virus, New World Arenavirus - Guanarito virus, Junin virus, Machupo virus, Sabia virus)
Vibriosis (Vibrionaceae)

+Yellow fever (Flavivirus)


+Outbreaks of:

+Acute upper respiratory illness;

+Diarrheal disease;

+Foodborne disease;

+Healthcare-associated infections;

+Illnesses in child care settings;

+Rash illness;

+Waterborne disease.

+Syndromes suggestive of bioterrorism and other public health threats
+Unexplained illnesses or deaths in human or animal



How to Report


Computer icon
Secure website:
Cell phone

Telephone: 605-773-3737 or 800-592-1861 for communicable disease staff person during normal business hours,

After hours Category 1 diseases, call 605-773-3737 or 800-592-1861

Fax machine

Fax: 605-773-5509
or courier, address to: Infectious Disease Surveillance, Department of Health, 615 East 4th Street, Pierre, SD 57501; marked "Confidential Disease Report"

What to Report

Disease reports must include as much of the following as is known:


  • Disease or condition
  • Date of disease onset
  • Relevant lab results & specimen collection date
  • Case, name, age, birth date, sex, race, address, occupation
  • Attending physician's name, address and phone number
  • Name and phone number of person making report



CANCER (SDCL 1-43-14) Report to South Dakota Cancer Registry; call 800-738-2301; see

Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (SDCL 34-24-27) Report to Office of Data, Statistics and Vital Records, 600 E. Capitol Ave, Pierre 57501 (605) 773-5683. Report forms: Diagnosed case of FAS | Suspected case of FAS.


Per ARSD 44:20, these microbiological isolates must be sent to the South Dakota Public Health Laboratory (call 605-773-3368)

(1)  Anthrax (Bacillus anthracis)
(2)  Brucellosis (Brucella spp.)
(3)  Candidiasis (Candida auris)
(4) Carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE)
(5)  Diphtheria (Corynebacterium diphtheriae)
(6)  Haemophilus influenzae type b, invasive
(7)  Novel Influenza A
(8)  Listeriosis (Listeria monocytogenes)
(9)  Meningococcal disease, invasive (Neisseria meningitidis)

(10)  Plague (Yersinia pestis)
(11)  Salmonellosis (Salmonella spp.)
(12)  Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC)
(13)  Shigellosis (Shigella spp.)
(14)  Smallpox (Variola)
(15)  Tuberculosis (Mycobacterium tuberculosis and Mycobacterium bovis)
(16)  Tularemia (Francisella tularensis)
(17)  Typhoid (Salmonella typhi)
(18)  Vancomycin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (VRSA) 

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