Reportable Communicable Diseases

The South Dakota Department of Health is authorized by SDCL 34-22-12 and ARSD 44:20 to collect and process mandatory reports of communicable diseases by physicians, hospitals, laboratories, and institutions.

Learn How to Report

Download the Reportable Disease List       Download the NEW 2024 Reportable Disease List

+Category I diseases: Report immediately on suspicion of disease

Category II diseases: Report within 3 days

* Send isolates to South Dakota Public Health Laboratory 

+Anthrax (Bacillus anthracis*)

Anaplasmosis (Anaplasma phagocytophilum)

Arboviral encephalitis, meningitis and infection (including, but not limited to, West Nile, Zika, St. Louis, Eastern equine, Western equine, Chikungunya, California, LaCrosse, Jamestown Canyon, Japanese, Powassan, Colorado tick fever)

Babesiosis (Babesia spp)

+Botulism (Clostridium botulinum)

+Brucellosis (Brucella spp*)

Campylobacteriosis (Campylobacter spp)

Carbon monoxide poisoning

Chancroid (Haemophilus ducreyi)

Chlamydia (Chlamydia trachomatis)

Cholera (Vibrio cholerae)

Coccidioidomycosis (coccidioides spp)

+Coronavirus respiratory syndromes, Coronavirus respiratory syndromes, MERS-CoV, SARS-CoV-1, and SARS-CoV-2

Cryptosporidiosis (Cryptosporidium spp)

Cyclosporiasis (Cyclospora cayetanensis)

Dengue viral infection (Flavivirus)

+Diphtheria (Corynebacterium diphtheriae*)

Drug-resistant organisms:

  • Carbapenemase-Producing Organisms (CPO)
  • Candida auris
  • Vancomycin intermediate & resistant Staphylococcus aureus (VISA, VRSA)*

+E. coli, shiga toxin-producing (Escherichia coli*) includes E. coli O157:H7, 026, 011, 0103 and others

Ehrlichiosis*(Ehrlichia spp)

Giardiasis (Giardia lamblia / intestinalis)

Gonorrhea (Neisseria gonorrhoeae)

Haemophilus influenzae, invasive disease

Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome or infection

Hemolytic uremic syndrome

Hepatitis, viral, acute A, B and C; chronic B and C; and perinatal B & C

Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection, including:

  • Stage III, Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS)
  • CD4 counts in HIV-infected persons,
  • HIV viral loads, and
  • pregnancy in HIV-infected females,
  • HIV gene sequencing
  • HIV antiviral resistance,
  • Confirmatory results, positive or negative, following a reactive HIV screening test

+Influenza, novel strains*

Influenza: including

  • hospitalizations,
  • deaths,
  • lab-confirmed cases (culture, DFA, PCR),
  • weekly aggregate totals of rapid antigen positive (A and B), and total tested

Lead, all blood levels

Legionellosis (Legionella spp)

Leprosy/Hansen's disease (Mycobacterium leprae)

Leptospirosis (Leptospira)

Listeriosis (Listeria monocytogenes*)

Lyme disease (Borrelia burgdorferi)

Malaria (Plasmodium spp)

+Measles / Rubeola (Paramyxovirus)

Melioidosis (Burkholderia pseudomallei)

+Meningococcal disease, invasive (Neisseria meningitidis*)

Mumps (Paramyxovirus)

Orthopoxviruses (Smallpox / Variola or mpox virus)

Paratyphoid fever

Pertussis (Bordetella pertussis)

Pesticide-related illness and injury, acute

+Plague (Yersinia pestis*)

+Poliomyelitis, paralytic and nonparalytic (Poliovirus)

Psittacosis (Chlamydophila psittaci)

Q fever (Coxiella burnetii)

+Rabies, human and animal (Rhabdovirus)

+Rubella and congenital rubella syndrome (Togavirus)

Salmonellosis (Salmonella spp*)

Shigellosis (Shigella spp*)


+Smallpox (Variola*)

Spotted fever rickettsiosis (Rickettsia)

Streptococcus pneumoniae, invasive

Syphilis (Treponema pallidum) including primary, secondary, latent, early latent, late latent, nuerosyphilis, late non-neurological, stillbirth, and congenital

Tetanus (Clostridium tetani)

Toxic shock syndrome (Streptococcal and non-streptococcal)

Transmissible spongiform encephalopathies, such as Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease

Trichinosis (Trichinella sprialis)

+Tuberculosis, active disease or latent infection (Mycobacterium tuberculosis or Mycobacterium bovis) (Latent TB Infection only in certain high risk persons: foreign-born <5 yrs in US, close contacts, diabetes, renal dialysis, children <5 yrs, and certain medical conditions)

+Tularemia (Francisella tularensis*)

Typhoid (Salmonella typhi*)

Vaccine Adverse Events

Varicella / Chickenpox (Herpesvirus)

+Viral Hemmorrhagic Fevers (Crimean-Congo Hemorrhagic Fever virus, Ebola virus, Lassa virus, Lujo virus, Marburg virus, Chapre virus, Guanarito virus, Junin virus, Machupo virus, Sabia virus)

Vibriosis (Vibrionaceae)

+Yellow fever (Flavivirus)

+Outbreaks of:

+Acute upper respiratory illness;
+Diarrheal disease;
+Foodborne disease;
+Healthcare-associated infections;
+Illnesses in child care settings;
+Rash illness;
+Waterborne disease.

+Syndromes suggestive of bioterrorism and other public health threats

+Unexplained illnesses or deaths in human or animal

What to Report

Per ARSD 44:20, these microbiological isolates MUST be sent to the South Dakota Public Health Laboratory (call 605-773-3368)

(1)  Anthrax (Bacillus anthracis)

(2)  Brucellosis (Brucella spp.)

(3)  Candidiasis (Candida auris)

(4) Carbapenemase-Producing Organisms (CPO)

(5)  Diphtheria (Corynebacterium diphtheriae)

(6) Haemophilus influenzae type b, invasive

(7)  Novel Influenza A

(8)  Listeriosis (Listeria monocytogenes)

(9)  Meningococcal disease, invasive (Neisseria meningitidis)

(10)  Plague (Yersinia pestis)

(11)  Salmonellosis (Salmonella spp.)

(12)  Shiga toxin-producing

Escherichia coli (STEC)

(13)  Shigellosis (Shigella spp.)

(14)  Smallpox (Variola)

(15)  Tuberculosis (Mycobacterium tuberculosis and Mycobacterium bovis)

(16)  Tularemia (Francisella tularensis)

(17)  Typhoid (Salmonella typhi)

(18)  Vancomycin-resistant

(19)  Vibriosis (Vibrionaceae)

Staphylococcus aureus (VRSA)

Disease reports must include as much of the following as is known:

  • Disease or condition
  • Date of disease onset
  • Relevant lab results & specimen collection date
  • Case, name, age, birth date, sex, race, address, occupation
  • Attending physician's name, address and phone number
  • Name and phone number of person making report

Other Reports

CANCER (SDCL 1-43-14)
Report to South Dakota Cancer Registry
Call 800-738-2301

Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (SDCL 34-24-27)
Report to the Office of Data, Statistics, and Vital Records
600 E. Capitol Ave, Pierre 57501
Report forms: Diagnosed case of FAS | Suspected case of FAS.