The South Dakota Department of Health is authorized by SDCL 34-22-12 and ARSD 44:20 to collect and process mandatory reports of communicable diseases by physicians, hospitals, laboratories and institutions.

Learn How to Report

Disease reports must include as much of the following as is known:

  • Disease or condition
  • Date of disease onset
  • Relevant lab results & specimen collection date
  • Case, name, age, birth date, sex, race, address, occupation
  • Attending physician's name, address and phone number
  • Name and phone number of person making report


+Category I diseases: Report immediately on suspicion of disease


Category II diseases: Report within 3 days
Send isolates to South Dakota Public Health Laboratory 

+Anthrax (Bacillus anthracis*•**)*

Anaplasmosis (Anaplasma phagocytophilum)

Arboviral encephalitis, meningitis and infection (West Nile, Zika, St. Louis, Eastern equine, Western equine, Chikungunya, California, Japanese, Powassan, LaCrosse, Colorado tick fever)

Babesiosis (Babesia spp*)*

+Botulism (Clostridium botulinum)

+Brucellosis (Brucella spp***•**)*

(Campylobacter spp*)*

Carbon monoxide poisoning

Chancroid (Haemophilus ducreyi)

Chicken pox/Varicella (Herpesvirus)

Chlamydia infections (Chlamydia trachomatis)

Cholera (Vibrio cholerae)

(coccidioides spp*)*

+Coronavirus respiratory syndromes, such as MERS (Middle East respiratory syndrome) and SARS (Severe acute respiratory syndrome)

(Cryptosporidium spp*)*

Cyclosporiasis (Cyclospora cayetanensis)

Dengue viral infection (Flavivirus)

+Diphtheria (Corynebacterium diphtheriae*•**)*

Drug-resistant organisms:

  • Carbapenem-resistant 
  • Candida auris
  • Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), invasive
  • Vancomycin intermediate & resistant Staphylococcus aureus (VISA, VRSA)******

+E. coli,* shiga toxin-producing (Escherichia coli•**)* includes E. coli O157:H7, 026, 011, 0103 and others

Ehrlichiosis*(Ehrlichia* spp*)*

Giardiasis (Giardia lamblia / intestinalis)

Gonorrhea (Neisseria gonorrhoeae)

Haemophilus influenzae, invasive disease

Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome and Hantavirus pulmonary infection (Hantavirus)

Hemolytic uremic syndrome

Hepatitis, viral, acute **A, B** and C; chronic B and C; and perinatal B & C

Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection, including:

  • Stage III, Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS)
  • CD4 counts in HIV-infected persons,
  • HIV viral loads, and
  • pregnancy in HIV-infected females
  • HIV gene sequencing,
  • HIV antiviral resistance, and
  • Confirmatory results, positive or negative, following a reactive HIV screening test

+Influenza, novel strains**•**

Influenza: including hospitalizations, deaths, lab-confirmed cases (culture, DFA, PCR), weekly aggregate totals of rapid antigen positive (A and B), and total tested

Lead, elevated blood levels

Legionellosis (Legionella spp*)*

Leprosy/Hansen's disease (Mycobacterium leprae)

Leptospirosis (Leptospira)

Listeriosis (Listeria monocytogenes*•**)*

Lyme disease (Borrelia burgdorferi)

Malaria (Plasmodium spp*)*

+Measles / Rubeola (Paramyxovirus)

+Meningococcal disease, invasive(Neisseria meningitidis*•**)*

Mumps (Paramyxovirus)

Paratyphoid fever

Pertussis / Whooping cough (Bordetella pertussis)

Pesticide-related illness and injury, acute

+Plague(Yersinia pestis*•**)*

+Poliomyelitis, paralytic and nonparalytic (Poliovirus)

Psittacosis (Chlamydophila psittaci)

Q fever (Coxiella burnetii)

+Rabies, human and animal*(Rhabdovirus)*

+Rubella and congenital rubella syndrome (Togavirus)

Salmonellosis (Salmonella spp**•**)

Shigellosis (Shigella spp**•**)


+Smallpox (Variola*•**)*

Spotted fever rickettsiosis (Rickettsia)

Streptococcus pneumoniae, invasive

Syphilis (Treponema pallidum) including primary, secondary, latent, early latent, late latent, nuerosyphilis, late non-neurological, stillbirth, and congenital

Tetanus (Clostridium tetani)

Toxic shock syndrome (Streptococcal and non-streptococcal)

Transmissible spongiformencephalopathies, such as Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease

Trichinosis (Trichinella sprialis)

+Tuberculosis, active disease (Mycobacterium tuberculosis*•or Mycobacterium bovis•**)*

Tuberculosis, latent infection (only in certain high risk persons:  foreign-born <5 yrs in US, close contacts, diabetes, renal dialysis, children <5 yrs, and certain medical conditions)

+Tularemia (Francisella tularensis*•**)*

Typhoid (Salmonella typhi**•**)

Vaccine Adverse Events

**+Viral Hemorrhagic Fevers(Crimean-Congo Hemorrhagic Fever virus, Ebola virus, Lassa virus, Lujo virus, Marburg virus, New World Arenavirus - Guanarito virus, Junin virus, Machupo virus, Sabia virus)

Vibriosis (Vibrionaceae)

+Yellow fever (Flavivirus)

**+Outbreaks of:

+Acute upper respiratory illness;

***+***Diarrheal disease;

***+***Foodborne disease;

***+***Healthcare-associated infections;

***+***Illnesses in child care settings;

***+***Rash illness;

***+***Waterborne disease.

**+Syndromes suggestive of bioterrorism and other public health threats

**+Unexplained illnesses or deaths in human or animal

Download the Reportable Disease List


What to Report

Per ARSD 44:20, these microbiological isolates MUST be sent to the South Dakota Public Health Laboratory (call 605-773-3368)

(1)  Anthrax (Bacillus anthracis)

(2)  Brucellosis (Brucella spp.)

(3)  Candidiasis (Candida auris)

(4) Carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE)

(5)  Diphtheria (Corynebacterium diphtheriae)

(6) Haemophilus influenzae type b, invasive

(7)  Novel Influenza A

(8)  Listeriosis (Listeria monocytogenes)

(9)  Meningococcal disease, invasive (Neisseria meningitidis)

(10)  Plague (Yersinia pestis)

(11)  Salmonellosis (Salmonella spp.)

(12)  Shiga toxin-producing

Escherichia coli (STEC)

(13)  Shigellosis (Shigella spp.)

(14)  Smallpox (Variola)

(15)  Tuberculosis (Mycobacterium tuberculosis and Mycobacterium bovis)

(16)  Tularemia (Francisella tularensis)

(17)  Typhoid (Salmonella typhi)

(18)  Vancomycin-resistant

Staphylococcus aureus (VRSA)

Other Reports

CANCER (SDCL 1-43-14)
Report to South Dakota Cancer Registry
Call 800-738-2301

Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (SDCL 34-24-27)
Report to the Office of Data, Statistics, and Vital Records
600 E. Capitol Ave, Pierre 57501
(605) 773-5683.
Report forms: Diagnosed case of FAS | Suspected case of FAS.