Diabetes is a chronic condition in which the body does not properly process food into energy. When you have diabetes, your body either doesn't make enough insulin or can't use its own insulin as well as it should.
Insulin: an essential hormone created by the pancreas that regulates the amount of glucose (sugar) in the blood by distributing the sugar to the body’s cells to use as energy
How does diabetes change this functionality?
With type 1 diabetes, the pancreas stops producing insulin entirely.
With type 2 diabetes, either the pancreas produces too little insulin or the insulin doesn’t do its job properly.
The outcome of this is a spike in blood pressure and a lack of glucose providing energy to the body’s cells. This can lead to serious health problems like heart disease, kidney disease, vision loss, and even death.
Diabetes affects more than 62,000 South Dakotans and is the seventh leading cause of death in the state. The prevalence of diabetes has been steadily increasing for several years. As the rate and prevalence of people being overweight increases, diabetes rates are also expected to increase substantially.