Kim Malsam-Rysdon, Secretary of Health

Reportable Diseases in South Dakota

(Effective January 2016)


The South Dakota Department of Health is authorized by SDCL 34-22-12 and ARSD 44:20 to collect and process mandatory reports of communicable diseases by physicians, hospitals, laboratories, and institutions. Instructions for reporting. (Download poster version of South Dakota reportable diseases list)

+Category I diseases: Report immediately on suspicion of disease

Category II diseases: Report within 3 days
Send isolate to
South Dakota Public Health Laboratory

+Anthrax (Bacillus anthracis)

Anaplasmosis (Anaplasma phagocytophilum)

Arboviral encephalitis, meningitis and infection (West Nile, St. Louis, Eastern equine, Western equine, Chikungunya, California, Japanese, Powassan, LaCrosse, Colorado tick fever)

Babesiosis (Babesia spp)

+Botulism (Clostridium botulinum)
+Brucellosis (Brucella spp)

Campylobacteriosis (Campylobacter species)

Carbon monoxide poisoning

Chancroid (Haemophilus ducreyi)
Chicken pox/Varicella (Herpesvirus)
Chlamydia infections (Chlamydia trachomatis)
Cholera (Vibrio cholerae)

Coccidioidomycosis (coccidioides spp)

+Coronavirus respiratory syndromes, such as MERS (Middle Est respiratory syndrome) and SARS (Severe acute respiratory syndrome)

Cryptosporidiosis (Cryptosporidium parvum)
Cyclosporiasis (Cyclospora cayetanensis)
Dengue viral infection (Flavivirus)
+Diphtheria (Corynebacterium diphtheriae)

Drug resistant organisms:

  • Carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae(CRE)
  • Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), invasive
  • Vancomycin-intermediate (VISA) and -resistant (VRSA) Staphylococcus aureus

+E. coli, shiga toxin-producing (Escherichia coli) includes E. coli O157:H7, 026, 011, 0103 and others

Ehrlichiosis(Ehrlichia species)
, novel strains

Influenza: including hospitalizations, deaths, lab confirmed cases (culture, DFA, PCR), weekly aggregate totals of rapid antigen positive (A and B) and total tested

Giardiasis (Giardia lamblia / intestinalis)

Gonorrhea (Neisseria gonorrhoeae)
Haemophilus influenzae, invasive
Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome and Hantavirus pulmonary infection (Hantavirus)
Hemolytic uremic syndrome
Hepatitis, viral, acute A, B and C; chronic B and C; and perinatal B
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection, also including:

  • Stage III, Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS)
  • CD4 counts in HIV infected persons,
  • HIV viral loads, and
  • pregnancy in HIV infected females

Lead, elevated blood levels

Legionellosis (Legionella spp)
Leprosy/Hansen's disease (Mycobacterium leprae)
Listeriosis (Listeria monocytogenes)
Lyme disease (Borrelia burgdorferi)


Malaria (Plasmodium spp)

+Measles (Paramyxovirus)
+Meningococcal disease, invasive
(Neisseria meningitidis)

Mumps (Paramyxovirus)

Pertussis (Whooping cough) (Bordetella pertussis)

Pesticide-related illness and injury, acute

+Plague(Yersinia pestis)
+Poliomyelitis, paralytic and nonparalytic

Psittacosis (Chlamydophila psittaci)

Q fever (Coxiella burnetii)

+Rabies, human and animal

Rocky Mountain spotted fever (Rickettsia rickettsii)

+Rubella and congenital rubella syndrome (Togavirus)
Salmonellosis (Salmonella spp)
Shigellosis (Shigella spp)


+Smallpox (Variola)

Spotted fever rickettsiosis (Rickettsia spp)

Streptococcus pneumoniae, invasive

Syphilis (Treponema pallidum) including primary, secondary, latent, early latent, late latent, nuerosyphilis, late non-neurological, stillbirth, and congenital
Tetanus (Clostridium tetani)
Toxic shock syndrome (Streptococcal and non-streptococcal)
Transmissible spongiform
, such as Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease
Trichinosis (Trichinella sprialis)
+Tuberculosis, active disease (Mycobacterium tuberculosisor Mycobacterium bovis)

Tuberculosis, latent infection (only in certain high risk persons:  foreign-born <5 yrs in US, close contacts, diabetes, renal dialysis, children <5 yrs, and certain medical conditions)

+Tularemia (Francisella tularensis)
Typhoid (Salmonella typhi)

Vaccine Adverse Events

+Viral Hemorrhagic Fevers(Crimean-Congo Hemorrhagic Fever virus, Ebola virus, Lassa virus, Lujo virus, Marburg virus, New World Arenavirus - Guanarito virus, Junin virus, Machupo virus, Sabia virus)
Vibriosis (Vibrionaceae)

+Yellow fever (Flavivirus)


+Outbreaks of:

+Acute upper respiratory illness;

+Diarrheal disease;

+Foodborne disease;

+Healthcare-associated infections;

+Illnesses in child care settings;

+Rash illness;

+Waterborne disease.

+Syndromes suggestive of bioterrorism and other public health threats
+Unexplained illnesses or deaths in human or animal



How to Report


Computer icon Secure website:
Cell phone

Telephone: 605-773-3737 or 800-592-1861 for communicable disease staff person during normal business hours or 800-592-1804 for confidential answering device,

After hours Category 1 diseases, call 605-773-3737 or 800-592-1861

Fax machine Fax: 605-773-5509
Envelope Mail or courier, address to: Infectious Disease Surveillance, Department of Health, 615 East 4th Street, Pierre, SD 57501; marked "Confidential Disease Report"

What to Report

Disease reports must include as much of the following as is known:


  • Disease or condition
  • Date of disease onset
  • Relevant lab results & specimen collection date
  • Case, name, age, birth date, sex, race, address, occupation
  • Attending physician's name, address and phone number
  • Name and phone number of person making report



CANCER (SDCL 1-43-14) Report to South Dakota Cancer Registry; call 800-738-2301; see

Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (SDCL 34-24-27) Report to Office of Data, Statistics and Vital Records, 600 E. Capitol Ave, Pierre 57501 (605) 773-5683. Report forms: Diagnosed case of FAS | Suspected case of FAS.


Per ARSD 44:20, these microbiological isolates must be sent to the South Dakota Public Health Laboratory (call 605-773-3368)

(1)  Anthrax (Bacillus anthracis)
(2)  Brucellosis (Brucella spp.)
(3)  Diphtheria (Corynebacterium diphtheriae)
(4)  Haemophilus influenzae type b, invasive
(5)  Novel Influenza A
(6)  Listeriosis (Listeria monocytogenes)
(7)  Meningococcal disease, invasive (Neisseria meningitidis)
(8)  Plague (Yersinia pestis)

(9)  Salmonellosis (Salmonella spp.)
(10)  Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC)
(11)  Shigellosis (Shigella spp.)
(12)  Tuberculosis (Mycobacterium tuberculosis and Mycobacterium bovis)
(13)  Tularemia (Francisella tularensis)
(14)  Typhoid (Salmonella typhi)
(15)  Vancomycin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (VRSA) 
(16)  Smallpox (Variola)

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