Consumption of Fish and Seafood
Fish and seafood are an important part of a healthy diet. Fish and shellfish, collectively refrred to as fish, contain high-quality protein and other essential nutrients, are low in saturated fat, and contain omega-3 fatty acids. You should eat 8 to 12 ounces of a variety of fish every week from choices that are lower in mercury and high in omega-3 fatty acids. The nutritional value of fish and seafood is important during growth and development before birth, in early infancy for breastfed infants, in childhood, and as adults.
Women who are pregnant, might become pregnant, are breastfeeding and young children should consume fish based on 3 categories:
1) Best Choices
2) Good Choices
3) Fish to Avoid
- The “Best Choices” have the lowest levels of mercury
- A serving for an adult is 4 ounces
- Tilefish from the Gulf of Mexico, shark, swordfish, orange roughy, bigeye tuna, marlin and king mackerel
- Serving sizes should be smaller and adjusted for age and total calorie needs.
- A serving for children age 4-7 is 2 ounces
- If advice isn't available, eat only one serving and no other fish that week.
- Clean and trim fish of fat and skin, since locally-caught fish may contain contaminants besides mercury that can be reduced by proper trimming and cooking (e.g. broiling instead of frying can reduce some contaminants by letting fat drip away from the fish).
Consumption Advisories for South Dakota Rivers and Lakes
Fish from South Dakota lakes and rivers are tested for metals, pesticides, and PCB's as a collaborative effort of the South Dakota Departments of Game, Fish & Parks, Environment & Natural Resources, and Health. Please note the interactive map below or check this table for species and sizes of fish to avoid from South Dakota bodies of water. The red triangles indicate bodies of water with consumption advisories and green fish indicate a body of water where fish tested low in mercury and other contaminants. Click on each symbol for details. For a complete table of water bodies tested in South Dakota, visit this Department of Environment and Natural Resources website.
|For more information contact:||Pat Snyder, SD Department of Environment & Natural Resources, 773-4729
John Lott, SD Department of Game, Fish & Parks, 773-4508
Bill Chalcraft, SD Department of Health, 773-4945
- South Dakota Department of Environment and Natural Resources
- South Dakota Department of Game, Fish & Parks
- South Dakota Department of Health
- Centers for Disease Control & Prevention, Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry
- Eating Fish: What Pregnant Women and Parents Should Know - FDA & EPA