- 51 confirmed pertussis (whooping cough) cases have been reported in South Dakota this year as of 3 July 2014. The highest incidence is in the west region; counties with more than 3 cases include: Lawrence, 17, Minnehaha, 11, Edmunds 4 and Ziebach 4. Counties with 3 or fewer cases include Brown, Brule, Butte, Custer, Grant, Lincoln, Pennington, Shannon and Turner.
- 76% of pertussis cases were children under the age of 15 years, including 3 infants. A quarter of children under the age of 15 were unvaccinated.
- Individuals who still need vaccination are encouraged to contact their usual vaccine providers or one of the department's local Community Health offices.
- Weekly pertussis surveillance summary (posted July 3, 2014)
The single most effective control measure is maintaining the highest possible level of immunization in the community.
The pertussis vaccine is usually given in combination with diphtheria and tetanus. There are two types of pertussis vaccine: DTaP and Tdap. The American Academy of Pediatrics and the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices recommend that DTaP (diphtheria, tetanus, acellular pertussis) vaccine be given at 2, 4, 6 and 15 months of age and between 4 and 6 years of age and adolescents 11 - 12 years of age should receive a single dose of Tdap (Tetanus, Diphtheria, and Pertussis vaccine) instead of Td (Tetanus, Diphtheria) vaccine. It is also recommended that adults who have not received Tdap vaccine or for whom vaccine status is unknown should receive a dose of Tdap followed by a Td booster doses every 10 years thereafter. Women should receive a dose of Tdap vaccine during each pregnancy (preferred during 27 to 36 weeks’ gestation) regardless of interval since prior Td or Tdap vaccination. Please check with your physician or the Department of Health for the current immunization schedules.
- South Dakota Department of Health
- American Academy of Pediatrics
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
- Nasopharyngeal Sample Collection