A Mass Fatality Incident (MFI) may be caused by natural hazards (e.g. floods, tornadoes), human-related hazards (e.g. airline or bus crashes, bridge collapse), pro-active human hazards (e.g. terrorist acts), or by infectious diseases, such as pandemic influenza.
The Mass Fatality Response and Management Plan should focus on mortuary surge capacity and an approach to properly plan, respond and manage a disaster incident. The plan should include training and back up measures for all components and must be incorporated with the National Incident Management System (NIMS), utilize the Incident Command System (ICS) and other mortuary protocols of the healthcare facility and county emergency plans.
Healthcare organizations Mass Fatality Management (MFM) Plans must overlap with their local county plans, administered by the emergency management team and overseen by the local Coroner. In addition, healthcare organizations must engage all local partners including law enforcement, fire, Emergency Medical Services, crisis counselors, funeral directors and other local stakeholders.